August 28, 2022 to September 1, 2022
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts – SASA
Europe/Belgrade timezone

Experimental and computational study of heteroepitaxial thin Fe/Pt spintronic bilayers

Aug 31, 2022, 11:00 AM
1h 30m
Hall 3 (Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts - SASA)

Hall 3

Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts - SASA

Board: S06-CMPSP-211
Poster presentation (virtual) S06 Condensed Matter Physics and Statistical Physics Poster session (virtual)


Dimitrios Karfaridis (Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)


Fe/Pt thin bilayers constitute a spintronic system for the prominence of the next generation of data processing, transfer, and storage devices 1–3. These magnetic heterostructures exhibit the ability to inject spin current through the interfaces via the spin pumping (SP) effect 4. However, only a few efforts investigate the magnetic properties of the systems through the interfacial morphology, purity, and surface symmetry, even if the spin pumping, the spin mixing conductance, and the magnetic proximity effects are pure interfacial mechanisms.

In the specific study, Fe (12 nm)/Pt (6 nm) thin bilayers were epitaxially grown by the electron beam evaporation method in ultra-high vacuum conditions, using different substrate temperatures of 30οC, 150οC, 300οC, and 450οC. The epitaxial model was studied by Molecular Dynamics with Monte Carlo simulations. The simulations were experimentally confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, resolving the interfacial and the chemical state of the interfaces. We confirmed that, during the deposition and because of the kinetics, the atoms of the different layers are diffused through the interface. The Pt heteroepitaxy on Fe, sputters the Fe atoms of the deposited surface, resulting in its local deformation. The diffused Fe atoms inside the Pt lattice, after an annealing process, tend to return to the interface, resulting in increased interfacial roughness. The short-range interdiffusion/interfacial roughness of ≈ 2 nm which was confirmed both from the simulations and the XPS depth profiling, creates free energy stairs at the interface, that affect the magnetization reversal 5. The magnetic anisotropy and static magnetic properties of the different samples were compared by magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy in the longitudinal alignment (L-MOKE) and magnetic hysteresis loops were recorded in the longitudinal geometry for all the crystallographic in-plane axis of the samples. Combining the overall findings, we reported the Fe/Pt epitaxial model that could serve as a useful “tool” for a deeper comprehension of the origin of the magnetic properties in nanoscale and the potential interfacial induced phenomena in magnetism.

1. J.H. Van Vleck, Physica 17, 234 (1951).
2. S. Umesh and S. Mittal, Journal of Systems Architecture 97, 349 (2019).
3. A. Barman and J. Sinha, Spin Dynamics and Damping in Ferromagnetic Thin Films and Nanostructures (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2018).
4. K. Ando, S. Takahashi, J. Ieda, Y. Kajiwara, H. Nakayama, T. Yoshino, K. Harii, Y. Fujikawa, M. Matsuo, S. Maekawa, and E. Saitoh, Journal of Applied Physics 109, 103913 (2011).
5. D. Karfaridis, L. Mihalceanu, S. Keller, K. Simeonidis, G.P. Dimitrakopulos, T. Kehagias, E.T. Papaioannou, and G. Vourlias, Thin Solid Films 694, 137716 (2020).

Primary authors

Dimitrios Karfaridis (Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) Evangelos Th. Papaioannou (Department of Physics and State Research Center OPTIMAS, Technical University of Kaiserslautern; 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany) Thomas Kehagias (Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) Stefanos Giaremis (Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) Joseph Kioseoglou (Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) George Vourlias (Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)

Presentation materials